Low-Down On Anal Fissure – Hear It From A Fissure Specialist


Anal Fissure – Overview

An anal fissure or fissure-in-ano is a tiny tear in the inner mucosal wall of the lower anal canal. It's a tear with an oval form that commonly appears at the anal opening. Anal fissures produce pain as well as bowel movement bleeding. It isn't just a condition that affects adults; it can also affect children.


Causes of Anal Fissure 

Anal fissures can develop for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Excessive squeezing of the intestines while passing stool

  • Constipation or diarrhoea on a regular basis

  • Some inflammatory disorders, such as IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Disease) and Crohn's disease

  • Reduced blood supply to the anus

  • Constricted muscles of anal sphincter

  • Anal intercourse

  • Birth-related injuries

  • Cancer of the anal area

  • Tuberculosis

  • Syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases



Symptoms of Anal Fissure

The following signs and symptoms are commonly noticed, signifying you might have a fissure:

  • A noticeable ulcer or a tiny rip around the anal area

  • Pain and discomfort in the anal region that gets worse when you defecate

  • Blood spots in the faeces. The typical feature of haemorrhoids is blood splash in the pan

  • The appearance of a skin tag or a mass of tissue in the area of the tear

  • A stinging or burning feeling in the anal region


When should you make an Appointment with your Doctor

With supportive care at home, some fissures may heal on their own. Chronic fissures can develop if a fissure persists for more than eight weeks. However, supportive treatments alone will not be enough to cure an anal fissure, as the fissures may become infected and cause complications.

If your pain is getting worse, with difficulties passing stool, recurring bleeding, extreme discomfort, and inability to sit or walk correctly, you should visit the best fissure specialist doctor right away for fissure treatment. Anoscopy, DRE (Digital Rectal Examination), colonoscopy, and other tests will be performed by your doctor to identify serious underlying causes, such as cancer, haemorrhoids, tuberculosis, and syphilis.

Treatment Options for Anal Fissure

While mild cases may be resolved with home treatment measures like drinking plenty of fluids, sitting in a tub full of warm water, taking laxatives, and adding high-fibre foods to your diet, chronic cases need medical intervention. To ease symptoms, the doctor for fissure in Kolkata may prescribe topical antibiotics and analgesic ointments. Some chronic cases of anal fissures may require surgery to remove fissures, clots, prolapse, and other complications.

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